April 7, 2017

In today’s depict, you’ll learn about some of the history and meaning of the nuclear option, which was employed after a filibuster yesterday in the U.S. Senate. Following a sweep of severe cyclones across the U.S ., we’re explaining discrepancies between a tornado watch and warning. And we’re looking at a method by which birdlike drones are maintaining their natural counterparts away from airfields .
1. In what commonwealth would you find the city of Mocoa, which was recently struck by a deadly mudslide following torrential rainwater in the area ?

2. What animal, which is commonly found in Florida, did the U.S. government recently reclassify as threatened instead of endangered ?
3. The U.S. Fire Administration is part of what American government agency ?
4. In what Russian city did an apparent terrorist attack take place in a metro on Tuesday ?
5. What war-torn nation is the newest country on the global ski map and has athletes who are hoping to become their country’s first Winter Olympian in 2018 ?
6. Thermochromic ink, for which new applies are appearing in the fashion industry, is able to do what ?
7. What two-word word is used to describe a controversial rule change in the U.S. Senate that allows a majority party to overcome a filibuster with a simple majority vote ?
8. What two countries have the largest economies on Land, accounting for 40 percent of the world’s gross domestic product( GDP )?
9. Name the spacecraft that will end the fact-finding mission in September after making a series of dives between Saturn and its resounds .
10. Name the U.S. governing document that does not specifically mention a filibuster but that allows the House and Senate to specify their own regulations .
CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Today’s special, we’re serving Fridays and our customers tell us they’re awesome! I’m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.
We’re getting started in the U.S. capital, where Senate Republicans have been working to get President Donald Trump’s Supreme Court, Judge Neil Gorsuch, confirmed to the high court. A few Democrats said they’d vote for Judge Gorsuch as well, but most of them have been working to block the nomination. And in the backward and forward between a registered political party, both a filibuster and the nuclear option came into play yesterday.
We defined these terms on Wednesday’s show. You can find that in our repositories at CNN1 0. com .
What’s interesting about the filibuster and the nuclear option is that neither of them is actually mentioned in the U.S. Constitution. The American governing document allows the congressional chambers, the House and Senate, to defined their own regulations.
The filibuster is a tradition, a kind of rule that allows national minorities party to block a nominee or piece of legislation, and a nuclear option is a rule change that allows a majority party to get about that block and referendum with a simple majority.
Republicans control the Senate. They have 52 seats. While Democrats and the independents who vote with them have 48 seats .
After yesterday’s move to invoke the nuclear option, both parties have now employed the controversial rule change and this time around, it was expected to lead to the verification of Judge Gorsuch to the Supreme Court .
CHRIS CILLIZZA, CNN POLITICS REPORTER: The one thing be informed about the nuclear option is you may not understand it, but it does genuinely matter .
SUBTITLE: The One Thing: The “nuclear option” .
CILLIZZA: The nuclear option is sort of a common place word for a route in which the filibuster rules of the Senate are end run, typically to stop debate on any matter in front of the Senate, you need to get 60 votes.
But if you use the nuclear option, you take that 60 -vote margin and take it down to a majority 51 -vote threshold. In 2013, Harry Reid, after months and months of threatening to deploy the nuclear option actually did it .
SEN. HARRY REID( D ), NEVADA: It’s time to get the Senate working again , not for the good of the present Democratic majority or some future Republican majority, but for the good of the United States of America .
CILLIZZA: The filibuster, whether real or threaten, had always been a route that the Senate distinguish itself from the House. The House very much runs in a “majority rule” rule. If you have the voting rights, you have the voting rights. In the Senate, in order to close off that debate, which means to force-out an actual majority vote, you needed always to have 60. It necessitated typically some bipartisan consensus building, because neither party often had 60 -plus seats in their control .
When you remove that, “were starting to” slip even further down the slippery slope that Harry Reid started us all on in 2013. If we’ve already wiped out the use of the traditional filibuster, that 60 -vote margin on several things including Supreme Court nominees, what’s to stop either this majority or the next majority, Democrat or Republican, from instituting it on legislative matters? And at that point, the Senate amply becomes the House .
AZUZ( voice-over ): Ten-second trivia :
What commonwealth realise more tornadoes than any other country on Earth ?
Is it China, Russia, Saudi Arabia or the United States ?
The U.S. is far and away the world leader in tornadoes. They’ve been recorded at some phase in every state .
AZUZ: But it’s not just tornadoes. Hurricanes, floods, droughts, snowstorms, wild flames, they all blend to bring America some of the most extreme weather in “the worlds”. But given the fact that it’s springtime and given the fact that most tornadoes spin up between April and June, this is what’s considered Tornado Season. And the National Weather Service says as many as nine twisters might have struck the Midwest and Southeast this week.
A system of cyclones thundered across the region, bringing hail, high winds and soaking rainfalls. In southwestern Georgia, a tornado up to a mile and a half wide was ascertained. Hundreds of flights were cancelled in Atlanta, quarter sizing hail was reported in Alabama and Kentucky, and flooding was ascertained throughout Columbia, South Carolina.
As the cyclones barreled through, several states were given tornado watches or warnings. Is that the same thing ?
JENNIFER GRAY, CNN METEOROLOGIST: When severe weather ten-strikes, one of the most common questions we get, what’s the difference between a watch and a warning?
Well, just for comparison’s sake, let’s take the stop daylight, green light, yellow light, red light.
Sometimes, the National Weather Service will issue a hazardous weather outlook and advisory. Treat that as a green light. Know that the possibility of bumpy weather is there, but go about your day as you would, just stay alert .
But as conditions tend to ripen, you may watch a tornado watch put forward by the National Weather Service. Use this with more carefulnes, this signifies conditions are favorable for tornado growth, and so, you need to know what you should do in case a tornado ten-strikes.
That’s where the warning comes in, if the radar has indicated a tornado, or someone has spotted a tornado in progress, that’s when the tornado alerting is issued and you should get to your safe place immediately, stop what you’re doing and seek shelter .
AZUZ: By removing certain plants and trees, encompassing or filling in ponds and using sound guns, airfields have a number of methods to keep fowls away.
Last springtime, we reported on international borders collie named Piper who literally chase the fowls from a small airport in Michigan. Some airfields utilize trained falcons to do this. Some are use “robirds”, fake remote controlled falcons to keep the skies clear of any fowls that don’t carry people .
NICO NIJENHUIS, CLEAR FLIGHT SOLUTIONS CEO: The robirds are basically robotic fowls of prey. They look like and fly like real falcons and we use them to chase away other fowls from areas like airfields. Birds and aircrafts go badly together.
Birds can cause difficulties in many areas, like the agriculture industry, the oil and gas industry. They’re basically a drone, but not your everyday drone. The robirds mimic the flight envelop of a natural bird. We had to create a flight( ph) computer that was capable of believing like a bird.
The typically, traditional scarecrow in agricultural realm is actually been proven that this tactic measures eventually attract fowls. Whenever there’s collusion between a bird and an aircraft, it costs $200,000. So, even being able to prevent several of them during a year means that you are saving the aviation sector at one location millions of dollars .
We’ve been operating the fowls since around 2012 and “weve been” see it running. And the relatively small blueberry farmer that we also operate, we increase his harvest by 15 percent. Meaning, he earns 45,000 euros more in revenues .
We’re duelling nature with nature and we know that that works .
AZUZ: This is like jetpack gratifies Iron Man. It’s the awesome-looking invention of a British entrepreneur. It involves six tiny jet engines, some body armor, some serious physical fitness, and while it looks money in some clips, there is a learning curve.
It’s called Daedalus. Guess they guessed acorus( ph) was too lofty sounding. Heh! The company, Gravity, hopes to build 25 suits by the end of the year. They say it could travel hundreds of miles per hour if someone wants to try that, the estimated cost, a quarter million dollars per suit .
Now, saving up and shaping up to suit up and take that suit up could be a ricorous( ph) process that wouldn’t suit everyone who’d be sore if they rose, but then fell prey to gravity in the severity suit. Don’t fly too close to the sunshine, son, because no matter your drive to survive and walk away alive from a high dive, you’d have to be made of cast-iron, man.
That closes out the week for CNN 10. I’m Carl Azuz .
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